It is concerned with the formation of ova, fertilization, foetal development and child birth. It is located in pelvis region. It consists of following parts:
these are the primary sex organs of female. These are small sized structure that remains suspended in abdominal cavity by mesentery called mesovarium. Each ovary lined by cuboidal germinal epithelium. There is weakly developed connective tissue layer, called tunica albugenia. There are number of small, oval or rounded ovarian follicle in different stage of oogenesis in region of ovary. Every month primary follicle transformed into mature follicle under stimulation of FSH.
Graffian follicle has a secondary oocyte surrounded by few layer of follicular cells. Ovaries are concerned with the formation of ova and secretion of female sex hormones.