The science of rearing, feeding, caring, breeding and disease control of animals is called animal husbandry) animal husbandry is:

  1. Proper feeding of animals.
  2. Providing fresh-water and good shelter to animals.
  3. Proper health and protection against diseases.
  4. Proper breeding of animals.


  1. Increased milk production of through cattle farming.
  2. Increased production eggs through poultry farming.
  3. Improvement of quality of meat through fish farming.
  4. Proper utilization of animal wastes.
  5. To produce more honey and bees wax through bee keeping.

So cattle farming, poultry farming, pisciculture, apiculture, etc are the common animal-based farming practices under the animal husbandry.


The livestock refers to domestic animals which provide us milk, hide or flesh and includes cows, buffaloes, sheep, goat, pigs, horses and elephants. Livestock production needs to be improved to meet the growing needs of milk, eggs, meat, etc. Out of these cattle raising is most important and is done for two purposes. Milk production and bullock labour.

Cattle and buffaloes Importance:

a) Cattle (bos indicus) and buffalo (bos bubalis) are widely used for.

b) Agricultural operations like ploughing, harrowing, leveling etc.

c) They provide milk. Buffaloes are the major source of milk in India.

d) They are used in driving carts for transportation.

e) Manure and fuel. The dung provided by them acts as valuable manure for maintaining the fertility of the soil. It is also used for preparation of biogas or gobar gas.

f) Hides are used for preparation of leather goods.

g) Their bones, horns and hoofs yield glue and gelatin.