Pisciculture or fishery or fish farming involves the rearing and breeding of fish, shellfish and other aquatic animals scientifically by man in ponds, tanks, etc. Other aquatic animals include prawns, crabs, lobsters, edible Oysters etc. India occupies 7th position in the world in total fish production. Central institute of freshwater Aquaculture (CIFA), Bhubaneshwar have revolutionized fish culture in india .Blue revolution and a net production of 85.000 kg/hectare has already been Achieved.

Importance or economies:

Fish as food: Fish is a cheap but rich source of animal Proteins. The fish meat has a number of advantages over meat of other animals Because it contains more proteins. Besides providing food, pisciculture also provides a number of by products like Vitamin-rich liver oil e.g. Cod, Halibut, etc. fish-meal (from salmon and haddock And contains 55-70% proteins) fish protein concentrate (contains about 80-90% Proteins) fish guana (used as manure) etc. It also provides employment and better usage of infertile land and water bodies Gambusia fish eats mosquito larvae and helps in biological control of malaria.

  • Types of fish farming:
  • On the basis of nature of source of fishes, fish farming is of tow types:

Capture fisheries: fish is caught directly from their natural resources.

Cultre fisheries: fish is cultivated in artificial water bodies called breeding ponds.

  • On the basis of nature of water sources, fish farming  is of two types:

Marine fisheries: It involves fish production in marine(sea) waters.

Inland fisheries: It involves fish production in fresh water systems and brackish waters like estiaries and lagoons.

  • Culturable breeds of fishes: These are divided into three categories.
  • Indigenous fresh water major carps e.g. catla catla (katala), labeo Rohita (Rohu).
  • Salt water fishes which can live in sea water e.g. chanos mullets
  • Exotic fresh water breeds e.g. common carp, mirror carp. Chines carp, silver carp and grass carp etc.

Major carps are best culturable fishes because these survive even at high temperature and low oxygen. These also have fast growth rate and provide easily digestible and nutritive flesh.

  • Composite fish culture (poly-culture)

Polyculture is a novel method of fish farming in which many types of fishes are cultured together into a pond or water body. In India, it is a very old practice in which Catla, labeo (rohu) and cirrhinus (all Indian breeds) are cultured in same water body.

  • Significance

All the ecological zones (called nitches) are exploited. This increases the fish yield from the pond.

There will be no-competition between different species of the fishes as different fishes have different food habits e.g. catla is a surface feeder.

These fishes help in growth of each other.

  • Common diseases of fishes:

Main infectious diseases of fishes are: Viral Haemorrhagic septicemia(VHS) and Bacterial infections pancreatic Necrosis(IPN).

  • Apiculture

Apiculture is the process of rearing of honey bees in the artificial Hives, called apiaries, for the production of honey at commercial level.

  1. Species of honey bees:  bees belong to phylum Arthropoda and class Insect. These are several species of honey bees some of which are indigenous .While some of them are exotic.
  2. Indigenous species

Apisindica: It is commonly called Indian bee. It is the most common species found in India. It can be domesticated easily as is very gently in nature but is less producing species.

Apis florae: It is commonly called little bee(being smallest sized).It is also very docile but yield is less.

  • Exotic species

Apis mellifera. It is commonly called Italian bee. It is preferred over the indigenous species for the commercial production of honey because of its Docil nature, high yield of honey prolific egg production, less swarming and with Good defense mechanism.

21 thoughts on “What is FISH FARMING (PISCICULTURE)”

  1. 27일 온라인바카라 관련주는 동시에 소폭 상승했다. 전일 준비 강원랜드는 0.74% 오른 4만7200원, 파라다이스는 1.67% 오른 7만8800원, GKL은 0.58% 오른 9만7100원, 롯데관광개발은 0.98% 오른 7만440원에 거래를 마쳤다. 카지노용 모니터를 생산하는 토비스도 주가가 0.81% 올랐다. 하지만 초장기 시계열 분석은 여행주와 다른 양상을 보인다. 2016년 상반기 이후 하락세를 보이던 여행주와 달리 온라인카지노주는 2016~2017년 저점을 찍고 오르는 추세였다. 2017년 GKL과 파라다이스 직원 일부가 중국 공안에 체포되는 악재에 카지노사이트 주는 상승세로 접어들었다.


  2. 마사지의 효과는 다체로운 공부를 통해 입증됐다. 목·어깨를 주무르면 만성두통이 완화된다거나, 복부마사지가 변비와 스트레스를 줄인다는 식의 결과가 대부분이다. 마사지는 어떤 방식으로 건강 효과를 내는 걸까. 마사지를 하면 세포 재생·염증 완화 효과가 난다. 근육에 있는 통증 유발점을 자극하면 뻣뻣해진 근육이 이완되고, 혈관이 확장, 혈류가 늘어나면서 이런 효과가 나는 것이다.


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