what is PLANT BREEDING

Plant breeding is an applied branch of botany which deals with the improvement of economically important plants. Performance of a crop or animal is mainly due to its genotype and the invironment in which it is growing environment represents all living and non-living factors surrounding an organism. Genotype is responsible for performance of an organism. Domestication is the process of bringing a species under human management.

NEEDS OF PLANT BREEDING

  • Higher yield
  • Better quality
  • Diseases, insect and pest resistance.
  • New varieties for particular environment.
  • Requirement of specific traits like.
  • Responsiveness to heavy manuring.
  • Easy threshing ability.
  • Ability to grow in different seasons.

DEVELOPMENT OF NEW VARIETIES

  • Collection of variability.
  • Evaluation and selection of parents.
  • Cross hybridization among the selected parents.
  • Selection and testing of superior recombinant.
  • Testing, release and commercialization of new cultivars.

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